New millennium advances and female Bauls

Fakir Lalon Shah in one of his famous verses said “only worshiping your mother, will lead you to the address of your father” signaling that among Bauls there are no gender biases. Yet as w ...

The glorious 90s – the revival of rock music and its role in Baul fusion

December 10, 1990 will go down in the history of Bangladesh as the day that saw the ouster of the hated military dictator Hossain Mohammad Ershad. What has passed many of us by since; Ershad was overt ...

Baul music from 70’s to the 90’s – heading for millennium challenges and new fusion genres

Bangladesh Rock Music (popularly called band music) was never lagging behind in its appreciation and performance of Baul music. Post 1971, among the five legends of Bangla rock such as Azam Khan, Ferd ...

Baul music – from acceptability to respectability and Khoda Buksh Shah Jr

The history of Bauls as a pacifist, humane and secular movement has traditionally wavered and treaded on the fate and fortune of prevailing socio-political climate of Bengal at any given time. It is t ...

Pre- and post-independence Baul music, Muksed Ali Shah and Farida Parvin

The British agenda of divide and rule saw the partition of India in 1947 precipitated by severe communal riots in Bengal and divide the Baul movement along sectarian lines.  It led to the creatio ...

From Akhara to Palli Geeti and Baul pretenders

The inclusion of newer instruments and artist saw the Baul music genre getting enlarged and well defined engaging and captivating larger audience numbers across a very wide spectrum, as well as connec ...

Incorporation of new musical instruments in Baul music

Historical records suggest that the ektara a single stringed lute was the only musical instruments used inside Akhara premises from the times of Lalon and that tradition continues in many cases even t ...

The Guru among Bauls and their transmission chart, music and messages

Gurus follow a hagiographical transmission chart called Shirzanaama where they can track back their spiritual lineage that is his own Guru and one before him and so forth, dating hundreds of years in ...

The Shadhu Shongo institutions - Guru -Shishwa interactions and Sheba

The second most important institution for bauls is the Shadhu Shongo (Shongo henceforth) or regular “conclaves of the wise” ie, congregation of masters in music and spirituality with seeke ...

The first fusions of faith, belief and music – the Vaishnavites and Sufis

The timing of the Vaishnavite influenced Bhakti movement and was unique in our history for it coalesced favorably with the then inroads of Sufi tarikats  (orders) such as Qaderiya, Chistiya, Naqs ...

Maqsoodul Haque

Maqsoodul Haque is a jazz-rock fusion musician and cultural researcher who is writing a series on the transformation of Baul music.

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