BD readying INDC to limit emissions
Abu Bakar Siddique

Bangladesh is set to prepare its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) with the projection of cutting more than 5% of greenhouse gas emissions by 2030.

According to the draft INDC, the county will cut its greenhouse gas emission by 5% of the total emissions by 2030 under business-as-usual scenario without any condition.

And it could cut up to 14% of total emissions during the period, if it gets cooperation such as modern technology and finance from the developed nations.

INDC is a document, which is supposed to be submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) by October this year, just ahead of the COP21.

The concept was taken in COP 19 at Warsaw with an aim to know the emission plan of the countries under UNFCCC by 2030, so that the global leaders could come to a decision whether it would be possible to reach the two degrees Celsius limit of greenhouse gas emission target by 2050.

The draft says Bangladesh considers three sectors – power, transport and industries – as the major sources of carbon emission.

The information came from the National Consultation on INDC of Bangladesh held at Cirdap Conference Centre in Dhaka yesterday organised by the Ministry of Environment and Forest.

As per the business-as-usual scenario in Bangladesh, greenhouse gas emissions are likely to increase by 118% by 2030 compared to the 2015 level.

Bangladesh accounts for only 0.35% of the global emissions but is highly vulnerable to climate change.

At the same time, there are plans to achieve the middle income status by 2021 which requires increased emission but Bangladesh also intends to play its part in an ambitious global climate deal.

In addition, Bangladesh will not cross the average greenhouse gas emission level of the developing countries, said Dr Kamal Uddin, secretary of the Ministry of Environment and Forest, yesterday while addressing the consultation.

With an aim to reach its goal to ensure electricity for all, Bangladesh has taken several initiatives such as setting up a number of coal-fired power plants including the Rampal and Matarbari projects.

However, these mega power projects would not result in more emissions as all of these will be run with super critical technologies, said energy expert Prof Ijaz Hossain, who is also involved with the INDC preparation.

According to the 5th Assessment report of the Inter-governmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), Bangladesh is identified as being at specific risk due to its exposure to sea-level rise and extreme events like salinity intrusion, drought, erratic rainfall and tidal surge which will hamper the country’s food as well as livelihood security.

A World Bank study says Bangladesh needs $170m annually to adapt to the changing pattern of global climate from 2010 to 2050.

According to the ministry officials, the draft INDC will be finalised in the next consultation meeting and later submitted to the UNFCCC in October.

Apart from mitigation plans, the INDC will also incorporate the country’s current adaptation scenario as well as future adaptation plans, and required means of implementation of those plans. 

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