Madhabpur SI Gias Uddin filed the case against 200 unnamed people on Monday afternoon.
Locals said some youths vandalised the temples at Madhabpur Bazar on Sunday when another youth from Haripur published pictures criticising Islam on social networking site Facebook.
However, no one was detained in this connection.
While visiting the spot, local MP Mahbubur Alam said: “No one will be spared.”
Madhabpur OC Moktadir Alam said: “Legal action will be taken against the culprits after investigation.”