Government taking active steps to prevent trafficking in persons, says Foreign Secretary Masud Bin Momen
Foreign Secretary Masud Bin Momen on Wednesday said trafficking in persons is a serious human rights violation and the fight against trafficking and smuggling of migrants requires multi-stakeholder engagement.
He said the government of Bangladesh has a zero-tolerance policy on this and is actively taking steps to fight this horrific crime.
The foreign secretary was addressing a webinar marking the World Day against Trafficking in Persons 2021.
The webinar was organized by the Counter-Trafficking in Persons Technical Working Group (CTIPTWG) under the Bangladesh United Nations Network on Migration (BDUNNM) to commemorate the World Day Against Trafficking in Persons 2021.
The “Global Action against Trafficking in Persons and the Smuggling of Migrants - Bangladesh (GLO.ACT Bangladesh)” project, which is funded by the European Union and jointly implemented by the UNODC and IOM, helped organize the event.
UN Resident Coordinator in Dhaka Mia Seppo said the Covid-19 pandemic is presenting new challenges to the protection of migrants, and it is widely known that the pandemic impacts men, women and children, including adolescents, differently.
"To combat the scourge of trafficking in persons, all stakeholders must join hands and work together," she said.
This year’s theme of the World Day against Trafficking in Persons, "Victims’ Voices Lead the Way", puts victims of human trafficking at the centre of the campaign and highlights the importance of listening to and learning from survivors of human trafficking.
To mark the day, representatives from the Government of Bangladesh, members of the Bangladesh United Nations Network on Migration (BDUNNM), and partners from the civil society and private sector met in the virtual webinar.
The webinar shared the key messages from survivors of human trafficking and highlighted the risks faced by an estimated 700,000 Bangladeshis who choose to migrate abroad every year.
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Vulnerable migrants are often the target of traffickers and find themselves in situations that can result in debt bondage, forced labour, sexual exploitation, forced marriages and other forms of modern slavery.
Situation in Bangladesh
It is documented that Bangladesh is a source, transit and destination country for men, women and child victims of human trafficking.
Bangladesh has taken active steps, including formulating policies and strengthening task forces, to counter human trafficking.
These include the GO-NGO National Coordination Committee to Combat Human Trafficking, Committee to Monitor the National Plan of Action for Combatting Human Trafficking 2018-2022, the Rescue, Recovery, Repatriation and Integration (RRRI) Task Force, the Vigilance Task Force, and the counter-trafficking committees at district, upazila and union levels.
Participants at the webinar called on the Bangladesh government, global partners, the private sector and civil society actors to focus their efforts on advancing a robust, rights-based approach aimed at preventing the exploitation of individuals by trafficking networks and shrinking the space in which they operate.
Giorgi Gigauri, coordinator of BDUNNM and IOM chief of mission in Bangladesh, said trafficking is a crime which puts migrant workers at risk in terms of physical and mental abuse, harassment, forced labour, forced and illegal marriages, illegal trade and loss of lives.
"The government at all levels, development partners, law enforcement entities, civil society, the private sector and all other relevant actors must make a concerted effort to take action to stamp it out."
Siobhan Mullally, UN special rapporteur on trafficking in persons, in her address noted that the impact of Covid-19 increases risks of trafficking in persons.
"We need urgently to address the increasing risks of child trafficking, to combat online exploitation, exploitation of migrant workers and the particular risks of sexual exploitation. The global compact on migration commits to eradicating trafficking in persons."
Mullally said this commitment must translate into meaningful change on the ground. Effective action is essential to ensure that multinational corporations meet their obligations of due diligence in supply chains.
Loss of employment, reductions in income, limited means of securing livelihoods and nationwide school closures have created conditions that have amplified the risks of trafficking in persons, according to the IOM.
In addition to the root causes of human trafficking reportedly intensifying, it is feared that Bangladesh has experienced an increase in forms of abuse and exploitation, it said.
Recent trends and media headlines suggest that traffickers are using online platforms such as TikTok, WhatsApp, etc to lure potential victims of human trafficking.
The ongoing pandemic coupled with restrictions to mobility and movements, mainly imposed to mitigate the spread of Covid-19, have had diverse impacts on people’s vulnerability to human trafficking, including migrants from and to Bangladesh, which makes the World Day against Trafficking in Persons 2021 particularly important.