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Airbus weighs new long-range A321 version in Boeing challenge

  • Published at 10:08 pm June 18th, 2018
Employees of Airbus are seen in a new A320 production line at the Airbus plant in Hamburg, Germany, June 14 Reuters

Airbus is considering adding extra endurance to the longest-range version of its A321 passenger jet in a further effort to preempt a potential new mid-market jet being studied by US rival Boeing, industry sources said. 

A new version called the A321XLR is the latest study on the drawing board in a battle of wits as both jetmakers battle for supremacy in the 200-270-seat segment, valued by analysts at hundreds of billion of dollars over 20 years.

The proposed new A321XLR would carry extra fuel and expand the range of the A321LR aircraft, which recently claimed a long-distance record for single-aisle jets in testing, the sources said, asking not to be named as the idea remains confidential.

It is expected to be aimed at North American carriers, whose ordering decisions could be decisive as Boeing weighs up whether to go ahead with plans for a new ‘middle-of-the-market’ aircraft.

Noting that Airbus had 80% of sales in the A321 category, the spokesman added, “We are under no pressure”.

Airbus has been heavily outselling Boeing in the lower end of the 200-270-seat segment with the single-aisle A321, while Boeing has been dominating at the upper end with strong sales of the 787 Dreamliner at the expense of the Airbus A330neo.

This is the space into which Boeing proposes launching its 220-270 seat mid-market jet, a hybrid with the twin-aisle cabin of a wide-body jet but the smaller cargo space of a single-aisle plane thanks to a novel shape designed to fly more efficiently.

Airbus has been toying with several proposals to extend the A321’s advantage and try to limit the impact of Boeing’s new plane or even prompt its rival to abandon the idea.

Airbus says the A321LR, due to enter service this year, will have a maximum range of to 4,000 nautical miles (7,400 km). Boeing says the 737 MAX 10, the largest member of its competing 737 family, has a range of 3,300 nm.

Juggling Risks

In a surprise move, Airbus previously halted work on a study dubbed A320neo-plus, Reuters reported in April.

The advanced blueprint would have featured increased fuel capacity, a longer fuselage and improvements to the A321’s wing.

A longer-term project, code-named A320neo-plus-plus,” with an all-new carbon-fibre wing, has also been put to one side. 

By halting the studies, Airbus aims to force Boeing to show its hand on the middle-market segment before risking its own capital with a response, people familiar with the decision said.

But others say doing nothing is not without risk since failing to defend the profitable A321 could encourage Boeing to launch its newer jet. “If you do it, you have to move quickly,” an industry source said, referring to plans to improve the A321.

The A321XLR - with more fuel capacity but no extra seats or aerodynamic redesign - is a compromise bet that Airbus hopes will fend off Boeing for the smallest upfront investment.

In an interview last week, Boeing’s sales chief said it would take the time needed to decide whether to launch its new jet, rejecting suggestions that it is dragging its feet.

The jet is widely expected to be developed in two versions.

Boeing is looking at a product that is “a little bigger than an A321 but goes a lot further” and “about the size of the A330 but has a lot better efficiency,” he said.

Speaking to Reuters earlier this month, Airbus President Guillaume Faury deflected questions about A321 revamp plans.

“Airbus like any company has different options and is looking at the future,” he said.