They consist of various groups from different countries among the most vulnerable and least developed. On Thursday, they also said that the developed countries failed to bind others under strict legal provisions in the implementation of the Paris Agreement at this years conference.
In a written statement, they said that, “We hoped that the major emitters would start discussions around the implementation of the Paris Agreement and increase their mitigation ambition as well as enhance their support for adaptation measures in poor and vulnerable countries.
“However, following the presidential election in the US, we are concerned with the discussions happening at a global scale about the possibility of a withdrawal of one of the country Parties of the Agreement”, it reads.
“We strongly believe that any kind of withdrawal of Membership from such a multilaterally negotiated Agreement will enhance the unilateralism against multilateralism and ultimately harm the security arrangement of the respective countries”, said Azeb Grimi of LDC Watch.
This year’s Climate Conference is supposed to fix the modality of implementing the Paris Agreement which was adopted in last years meeting, COP21.
The Paris Agreement says that the earth’s temperature increase will be limited to 1.5 degrees Celsius or well below 2 degrees Celsius by 2100, from the pre-industrial era.
Regarding the fixing of the Peaking Year to limit carbon emissions, Ziaul Haque Mukta of the Campaign for Sustainable Rural Livelihood (CSRL) Bangladesh, insisted on fixing the temperature peak year differently for the three different set of countries: 2020 for developed countries, 2025 for developing countries and 2035 for the least developed countries.
A joint-report by the World Bank (WB) and the Global Facility of Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) released in Marrakech reads that increases in climate related disasters will make an additional 26 million people poor and set back $ 520 billion in goods and services annually.
The report argues for more investment in resilience and social protection programs for the section of the population that is highly vulnerable to climate-catastrophes.
However, the rights groups expressed their concerns that developed countries were down playing their commitment with regard to climate finance.
Regarding this, Azeb Girmi LDC Watch said that the pre-2020 road map for the $100 billion commitment was still not clear and demanded a clear road-map for the pre and post 2020 situation.
She also said that the newly formed Warsaw International Mechanism (WIM) must have resources to recuperate the loss and damage caused by climate change impacts.
Some of the Developed Country-Parties are pushing for an insurance mechanism to benefit their reinsurance companies in the North.
“We urge Parties to provide and increase support of the social protection programs in vulnerable and the least developed countries instead of repatriation of resources in the name of insurance mechanisms”, the statement said, which was released in a press briefing held on Thursday in Marrkech.
Justine Ginnetti of the International Displacement Monitoring Center (IDMC), Geneva mentioned that there are 172.3 million disaster related displacements since 2008, which is 21.5 million in each year and 58 thousand displacements per day.
Rezaul Karim Chowdury of EquityBD said that more funding in respect to adaptation may help to reduce displacement and disaster related death, but all above displacements require a political decision in view of human rights and the justice framework.