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OP-ED: The remarkable contribution of Indian students in 1971

  • Published at 06:32 am April 9th, 2021
University of Calcutta, Kolkata

How a combination of academic learning and practical work can make a difference

A report in The Daily Star of December 7, 2010 has caught my attention. At a function at which rich tributes were paid to the many Indian soldiers who gave their lives in the Liberation War, the Indian High Commissioner to Bangladesh, Mr Rajeet Mitter, recalled his student days at that time and spoke about the contribution of Indian students, particularly those from West Bengal.

In 1971, I was responsible for the administration and coordination of Oxfam’s refugee relief program, which covered the supplementary needs -- medical, sanitation, specialized feeding, clothing, blankets, of about 500,000 refugees, men, women, and children in over 40 refugee camps in Tripura, Meghalaya, Assam, Cooch Behar, Jalpaiguri, West Dinajpur, Bongaon, and Barasat. 

At the beginning of the refugee relief work, Oxfam was of the opinion that it would be sensible and more cost-effective if local personnel could be recruited rather than flying in many foreigners to assist in the relief work. For the previous three years, I had been working for Oxfam in Bihar, India, in a village development program based at four Gandhian Ashrams. 

Through our Gandhian connections, we came to know that the daughter of a Gandhian leader, Narayan Desai, was studying for her MBBS at the Nil Ratan Sarkar (NRS) Medical College in Kolkata. One evening in May 1971, we met Sanghamaitra Desai, in the students’ canteen of NRS when we discussed the possibility of medical students being allowed to work on rotation in some of the refugee camps. 

Sanghamaitra, known to us as Uma, and her student colleagues were able to obtain permission for students to work in the Oxfam-supported camps on rotation. 

Later on, students came from three other Kolkata medical colleges to work with Oxfam. The days were very long for the passionate young medical students. 

They would get up at about 4am to prepare snacks, sandwiches, and bottles of drinking water for the day as well as all the necessary medical supplies needed for the day. They were then able to set out for the refugee camps soon after 6am every day. They would return after dark each day and then plan and prepare for the next day.

After the Kolkata University authorities understood the value of the work being undertaken by the medical students, their work in the refugee camps was officially regarded as the practical social and preventive medicine part of the students’ MBBS.

The success of Oxfam’s initiative with the young students became well-known, and we received monthly batches of students and doctors of some of the Mumbai Medical Colleges. 

Students also came from Cuttack Medical College, Orissa and the Christian Medical College, Ludhiana, Punjab. Young doctors were also sent to work with us from the Gujarat branch of the Indian Red Cross.

In addition to the medical students involved in the relief work, volunteers came to assist with sanitation and feeding work as well as for assisting the setting up of impromptu schools in the camps. 

They came in batches from the Gandhi Smarak Nidhi, Orissa, as well as Gandhi Ashram Veddchi and Lok Bharti, Sanosra, Bhavnagar, both in Gujarat. Students also came from Vidya Bhavan, Udaipur, Rajasthan.

At the end of November 1971, The Statesman newspaper acknowledged the contribution of the students in an editorial entitled, “Serve While You Learn.” 

The editorial reads: “The commendable enthusiasm with which thousands of medical students from Kashmir to Kerala have responded to the needs of East Bengal refugees suggests that a willingness to serve is by no means lacking even in the prevailing anarchy of Indian universities. 

“American Peace Corps workers have never wanted for Indian helpers in their road-building projects; nor would Oxfam’s relief campaign in West Bengal refugee camps have been possible without the aid of young medical graduates from Maharashtra and Gujarat. 

If foreign organizations can persuade Indians to do constructive work, why cannot their own mentors do also? 

“It is largely because of Oxfam’s representations that West Bengal medical colleges have now agreed to count an intern’s stint in a refugee camp as part of his training, but obviously this combination of academic learning and practical work needs to be extended on a far wider scale if universities are to live down Dr PD Gajendragadkar’s criticism that they are irrelevant to the problems of life and society.”

This, then, is how I remember the remarkable contribution of Indian university students and volunteers in the tumultuous days of 1971.

Julian Francis has been associated with relief and development activities of Bangladesh since the War of Liberation. In 2012, the government of Bangladesh awarded him the ‘Friends of Liberation War Honour’ in recognition of his work among the refugees in India in 1971 and in 2018 honoured him with full Bangladesh citizenship.

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