• Monday, Jan 30, 2023
  • Last Update : 10:24 am

On the Verge of Collapse

  • Published at 10:17 am June 28th, 2018
  • Last updated at 06:05 pm June 28th, 2018
More than half a million migrants each year Photo: Meraz Mostafa

Building Climate-Resilient, Migrant-Friendly Cities

Dhaka is on the verge of collapse. With more residents than it can safely accommodate, the city either needs to continue to urbanize (which require the destruction of the city’s surrounding wetlands that play a major role in preventing flooding), or internal migrants need to locate somewhere else.

Of course, the citizens of Bangladesh are free to move within the country as they like; they cannot simply be barred from living in Dhaka. However, they can be incentivized to move elsewhere -- to secondary cities in the country.

As climate change worsens, and more people are likely to migrate from their rural homes to urban centres, it is imperative that Bangladesh pursues a policy of creating climate resilient, migrant-friendly cities to disperse the massive influx of migrants moving to Dhaka.

Climate resilient, migrant friendly cities are secondary cities designed to both withstand the potential shocks of climate change, as well as regulated to receive migrants in a manner which is both beneficial to the city and the migrants themselves.

Not only would investing in these cities ease pressure from Dhaka, but the cities themselves would be able to grow their local economies, which in turn would draw in more migrants.  

However, secondary cities in Bangladesh need to put active effort into drawing in rural migrants, both through providing potential livelihood opportunities and highlighting other benefits the city may offer.

The most important factor in attracting migrants is the provision of livelihood options such as housing, education, health care, water and sanitation facilities, and other social services. As such, each of these cities needs to build on their comparative economic advantages to invest in manufacturing and/or services that will generate employment opportunities for migrants.

These needs can be met through both public and private initiatives and investment.  If needed, the government should seek technical and financial support from development partners.

Such a national initiative will require the central government to act as an anchor, and coordinate this process of planned migration.

A major challenge to this goal is that close 70% of the country’s money supply moves through Dhaka; and Dhaka and Chittagong combined receive more than 60% of the country’s capital investment. This has led to disinvestment in other regions of the country, where there is less job opportunity, less quality education, and even less health care facilities.

Hence, it is crucial that a national level policy is made that begins that decentralizes resources from Dhaka and Chittagong, so that secondary cities across the country become more economically viable, drawing in more internal migrants. Such a policy would thereby ideally disperse the spread of internal migrants in the country away from Dhaka city.

The ICCCAD Urban Team works with municipalities across the country, attempting to build climate resilient, migrant friendly cities

Facebook 50
blogger sharing button blogger
buffer sharing button buffer
diaspora sharing button diaspora
digg sharing button digg
douban sharing button douban
email sharing button email
evernote sharing button evernote
flipboard sharing button flipboard
pocket sharing button getpocket
github sharing button github
gmail sharing button gmail
googlebookmarks sharing button googlebookmarks
hackernews sharing button hackernews
instapaper sharing button instapaper
line sharing button line
linkedin sharing button linkedin
livejournal sharing button livejournal
mailru sharing button mailru
medium sharing button medium
meneame sharing button meneame
messenger sharing button messenger
odnoklassniki sharing button odnoklassniki
pinterest sharing button pinterest
print sharing button print
qzone sharing button qzone
reddit sharing button reddit
refind sharing button refind
renren sharing button renren
skype sharing button skype
snapchat sharing button snapchat
surfingbird sharing button surfingbird
telegram sharing button telegram
tumblr sharing button tumblr
twitter sharing button twitter
vk sharing button vk
wechat sharing button wechat
weibo sharing button weibo
whatsapp sharing button whatsapp
wordpress sharing button wordpress
xing sharing button xing
yahoomail sharing button yahoomail