It is commonly known that blood cholesterol and uric acid levels are sometimes elevated during the month of Ramadan.
Contrary to popular thinking, it was found that intake of a moderately high-fat diet, around 36% of the total energy (calories), improved blood cholesterol profile. It also prevents the elevation of blood uric acid.
During Ramadan increased gastric acidity is often noticed, exhibiting itself with symptoms such as a burning feeling in the stomach, heaviness in the stomach, and a sour mouth.
A person taking whole wheat bread, vegetables, humus, beans, and fruits in Iftar, dinner and sehri can get rid of gastric acidity.
These foods are excellent sources of dietary fiber – triggering muscular action of stomach, churning and mixing food, breaking food into small particles, binding bile acids and enhancing movement of food particle to small intestine.
Thus, dietary fiber helps reduce gastric acidity and excess bile acids. In view of dietary fiber’s role in moving food particles, it prevents constipation. It’s strongly suggested that peptic ulcer patients avoid spicy food and consult a doctor for appropriate medicine and diet.
Diabetic subjects, particularly severe type I (insulin dependent) or type II (non-insulin dependent), must consult their doctor for the type and dosage of medicine, and diet and precautions to be taken during the month. Generally diabetes mellitus, type II, is manageable through proper diet during Ramadan.