In 2018, UN human rights investigators said that Facebook had played a key role in spreading hate speech that fuelled violence in Myanmar
Lawyers bringing a case before the World Court accusing Myanmar of genocide against its Rohingya Muslim minority have asked a US district court to order Facebook to release posts and communications of the country’s military and police.
The International Court of Justice based in the Hague has agreed to hear a case accusing Myanmar of genocide against the Rohingya in violation of a 1948 convention.
The UN court, commonly known as the World Court, accepts cases between states, and the case against Myanmar was brought by The Gambia with the backing of a group of Muslim countries.
Hundreds of thousands of Muslims have fled a crackdown in mainly Buddhist Myanmar, which considers members of its Rohingya minority to be foreigners. Rights groups have documented killings of civilians and burning of villages.
Myanmar authorities say they have been battling an insurgency and deny carrying out systematic atrocities.
In 2018, UN human rights investigators said that Facebook had played a key role in spreading hate speech that fuelled violence in Myanmar.
Facebook has said it is working to block hate speech.
A request, filed on behalf of The Gambia on June 8 with the US District Court for the District of Colombia, calls on Facebook to release “all documents and communications produced, drafted, posted or published on the Facebook page” of Myanmar military officials and police forces.
Facebook confirmed it was aware of The Gambia’s request and would evaluate it in accordance with applicable laws.
Among officials whose Facebook data is being sought is Min Aung Hlaing, commander-in-chief of Myanmar’s armed forces. Details from 20 accounts of officials and organizations banned by Facebook in August 2018 are also sought, the document said.
The Facebook posts of officials “may constitute evidence of genocidal intent”, the lawyers said.
In order to prove genocide, the gravest of international crimes, those overseeing any atrocities in Myanmar must be found to have had the specific intent to destroy the Rohingya ethnic group “in whole or in part”.
World Court judges have ordered Myanmar to take urgent measures to protect the Rohingya population from genocide and other forms of violence until the case is heard in full.