The country has been recording over 20,000 new cases a day in recent weeks
Japan moved Wednesday to expand a virus state of emergency to eight more regions, a day after the Paralympic opening ceremony, as rising infections put hospitals under pressure.
The step comes with summer school holidays ending and top infection experts suggesting delaying the start of classes to reduce infection risks.
The country has been recording more than 20,000 new infections a day in recent weeks, and in urban areas like Tokyo patients in serious condition have been left waiting for hours or travelling long distances in ambulances to find available hospital beds.
Government spokesman Katsunobu Kato said a panel of experts had approved a plan to place eight more regions under the emergency already in place in 13 areas including Tokyo.
The decision is expected to become official later in the day, when Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga convenes a special meeting of ministers.
The measure largely limits the sale of alcohol by restaurants and bars and asks them to close early, while urging the public to work from home and avoid non-urgent outings.
"This puts further burden on the Japanese people, but we ask for their continued efforts to prevent infections," Kato told a regular briefing.
The government also plans to bring four other regions under a less strict measure that already affects eight regions.
In all, the planned move will mean 33 of Japan's 47 regions are under heightened anti-infection rules as the country hosts the Paralympics after the Olympics.
Organizers say their countermeasures have stopped infection spreading from participants to the Japanese public but some experts argue holding the events has undermined government messaging on the virus and encouraged people to go out.
A top adviser to the government on the virus told lawmakers Wednesday that municipalities should be able to consider extending the summer vacation for school children to prevent infections.
The government has so far ruled out blanket school closures, and is proceeding with a vaccination program that began slowly but has picked up speed, with around 40% of the population now fully inoculated.
So far Japan has recorded around 15,500 deaths in the pandemic.