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EU moves to Brexit phase two but warns will be tough

  • Published at 01:55 pm December 16th, 2017
EU moves to Brexit phase two but warns will be tough

The European Union agreed on Friday to move Brexit talks onto trade and a transition pact but some leaders cautioned that the final year of divorce negotiations before Britain's exit could be fraught with peril.

EU leaders, who had offered British Prime Minister Theresa May a rare summit round of applause over dinner in Brussels the night before, took just 10 minutes to agree that she had made "sufficient progress" on divorce terms last week and to give negotiators a mandate to move on to the main phase of talks.

"This is an important step on the road to delivering the smooth and orderly Brexit that people voted for in June of last year," May said outside her home in Berkshire, southern England.

"There is still more to do but we're well on the road to delivering a Brexit that will make Britain prosperous, strong and secure," May said, reassuring her party's ardent Brexit supporters that departure is certain on March 29, 2019.

Summit chair Donald Tusk said the world's biggest trading bloc would start "exploratory contacts" with Britain on what London wants in a future trade relationship, as well as starting discussion on the immediate post-Brexit transition.

A transition period is crucial for investors and businesses who fear that a "cliff-edge" Brexit would disrupt trade flows and sow chaos through financial markets.

The head of the EU executive, Jean-Claude Juncker, cast May as a "tough, smart, polite and friendly negotiator" - a polite nod to a woman facing ferocious and complex pressures at home, whose downfall Brussels fears would complicate talks further.

Juncker, a veteran premier of Luxembourg, knows "what it's like to be a prime minister in trouble", one EU official said.

Now for the hard part

While there was a "sigh of relief" at the summit table that Brexit talks can move forward, EU leaders said talks on a future free trade pact will not begin until after March - a date underlined by "guidelines" that set out how to proceed as Britain seeks to unravel more than 40 years of membership.

The talks will be tough.

"We have made good progress, the second phase of talks can start," German Chancellor Angela Merkel said. "But this will mean even tougher work - that was clear today in the discussion - than we have experienced so far."

Austrian Chancellor Christian Kern went further, saying even a primary school student could see that the "first phase" deal on the Irish border would come back to haunt the talks because it was impossible for Britain to leave the bloc's single market while avoiding a hard border on the island of Ireland.

"Our primary school students can see that there is a riddle to be solved," the Austrian leader told reporters.

In more formal language, leaders used the nine-point guidelines they agreed at the summit to support May's call for a two-year transition out of the bloc, which aims to help British business and citizens adjust to life after the European Union.

Both sides see it as looking pretty much like membership of the EU without a say in its rules, though there are also a host of issues that will again demonstrate the complexity of Brexit.

Leaders reiterated their position that Britain cannot conclude a free-trade accord with the European Union until it has left and become a "third country". And it may take longer than the 15 months from now that some in London are hoping for.

Noting a call from Britain's Brexit Secretary David Davis for a "Canada plus plus plus" deal that would go beyond the pact the EU signed with Ottawa, one senior EU official noted that last year's agreement ran to 1,598 pages of legal text.

"Nine months on Brexit have produced 15 pages of non-legal text," he said, adding that even launching trade talks in March would be "quite ambitious", let alone completing them in 2019.

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