The anger over apparent economic dislocation due to Brexit led to the week of violence
Britain on Friday renewed appeals for calm after police in Northern Ireland faced another barrage of petrol bombs and rocks overnight in an ongoing week of violence.
The worst unrest of recent years in the UK-ruled province has mainly stemmed from its unionist community, angry over apparent economic dislocation due to Brexit, and existing tensions with pro-Irish nationalist communities.
But on Thursday night saw riot police on the nationalist side of divided Belfast pelted with projectiles as they tried to prevent a crowd moving towards pro-UK unionists, an AFP journalist saw.
"There is no role for violence to resolve these issues," Britain's Transport Secretary Grant Shapps said the morning after, noting that parties from all sections of Northern Ireland had come together to denounce the unrest.
"We need to make sure that people are talking -- but not through violence," he told Sky News.
Despite similar appeals from Ireland, the United States, and the European Union, crowds of hooded youths and young men have taken to the streets nightly, injuring at least 55 police officers and setting fire to a moving bus this week.
'Stoking the fires'
Rioters on Thursday hurled petrol bombs and fireworks at ranks of armoured police vehicles, as well as rocks, bricks, and glass bottles.
Officers using water cannon for the first time in years drove back the surging crowds late into the night, as locals peered out of their windows to witness the spectacle.
Refusing to let rioters approach, dozens of older men and women stood at the gates of a "peace line" -- walls in Belfast separating nationalist and unionist communities.
On Wednesday night, the gates were set alight and police said crowds from either side broke through to attack each other with petrol bombs, missiles, and fireworks.
Belfast-based Nichola McKee Corner, whose journalist sister Lyra McKee was shot dead during a 2019 riot in the border city of Londonderry, said the latest more widespread unrest was "difficult to witness."
She decried political leaders in Northern Ireland, saying figureheads are "ignoring" sections of the community erupting in unrest.
"Some others have been stoking the fires," she told Irish state broadcaster RTE.
"We need good and proper leadership quickly before someone is killed."
Until a landmark peace deal in 1998, Northern Ireland endured 30 years of sectarian conflict that killed 3,500 people.
The accord let unionists and nationalists coexist by blurring the status of the region within the EU.
But Britain's 2016 vote to quit the EU revived the need for border checks on trade, potentially undermining the 1998 pact.
A special "protocol" was agreed that shifted controls away from the Irish land border to ports trading with the UK mainland. It took effect on January 1, prompting many unionists to accuse London of betrayal by diluting Northern Ireland's status in the UK.
There was also recent outrage among unionists after Northern Irish authorities decided not to prosecute nationalist Sinn Fein leaders for attending a large funeral last year of a former paramilitary leader, in apparent breach of Covid restrictions.
"It's deep-rooted, it's not just about Brexit," said Belfast resident Fiona McMahon, 56, ahead of Thursday night's latest unrest, adding that Britain's EU withdrawal had had a "massive impact."
"The British do whatever the hell they want to do and we get landed with everything afterward," she told AFP.
'Sense of identity'
The UK's Northern Ireland Secretary Brandon Lewis visited Belfast to meet leaders including unionist First Minister Arlene Foster and Deputy First Minister Michelle O'Neill of Sinn Fein.
He was set for further talks on Friday, after conceding there is concern about the EU protocol, which Foster's party wants to scrap.
"I absolutely recognize the challenge and the sense of identity challenges that people in the unionist community have felt around the protocol and the practical out-workings of it," he said.
Triggering threats of EU legal action, Britain last month unilaterally extended by six months a post-Brexit grace period deferring checks on agri-foods entering Northern Ireland from mainland Britain.