The leaders adopted an global infrastructure plan to counter China’s Belt and Road Initiative
Britain on Saturday acclaimed a "historic" action plan by G7 nations to prevent future pandemics, as the elite group showcased US-led unity against China and Russia at its first in-person summit in almost two years.
The "Carbis Bay Declaration" - named after the seaside town in Cornwall, southwest England, where US President Joe Biden and other leaders are meeting this weekend - comprises a series of health policy commitments.
The collective steps include slashing the time taken to develop and license vaccines, treatments and diagnostics for any future disease to under 100 days, while reinforcing global surveillance networks.
It is due to be published today, alongside the G7's final communique.
"The #CarbisBayDeclaration marks a proud and historic moment for us all," British Prime Minister Boris Johnson said on Twitter, as he chaired the second day of the three-day summit.
"Under this agreement, the world's leading democracies will commit to preventing a global pandemic from ever happening again, ensuring the devastation caused by Covid-19 is never repeated," he said.
World Health Organization chief Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, criticised in some quarters for being too accommodating towards China where the coronavirus originated, welcomed the health pact.
And he said the UN agency would examine a British proposal to create a "Global Pandemic Radar" to send early warnings of future outbreaks.
'Genocide' in China
The G7 - Britain, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan and the United States - are largely focussed on "building back better" after Covid-19 wrecked economies and claimed millions of lives around the world.
They are expected to pledge to donate one billion vaccine doses to poor countries this year and next - although campaigners say the rollout is much too slow to end the crisis sooner.
The leaders are also set to issue new commitments on climate change, including financial aid for the developing world, in the buildup to the UN's COP26 environmental summit in Scotland in November.
The agenda broadened Saturday to foreign policy issues, as the G7 was joined by the leaders of Australia, South Africa and South Korea, with India taking part remotely.
Biden is expected to press allies to bolster cooperation in dealing with a resurgent China, from offering an alternative to its trillion-dollar "Belt and Road" infrastructure initiative to confronting its alleged forced labour practices including against the Uyghur minority.
The US president will also seek to address frayed relations with Moscow, in particular over its cyber activity.
Most of the G7 leaders will reconvene Monday in Brussels for a Nato meeting, before Biden heads on to his first summit with Russian President Vladimir Putin in Geneva, vowing to deliver a blunt message about Russian behaviour.
In a rare interview with US media released Friday, Putin voiced hope that Biden would be less impetuous than Donald Trump, who infamously sided with the Russian leader against the views of his own intelligence chiefs.
Closer to home for the G7 hosts, Johnson came under concerted pressure in separate meetings with the leaders of France, Germany and the European Union to respect his Brexit commitments over Northern Ireland.