The rain comes after a summer in which northern Greenland has experienced record-setting temperatures of more than 20°C
Rain fell at the highest point on Greenland's ice sheet -- possibly for the first time -- in an event Danish scientist on Monday said was most likely driven by climate change.
The rain was observed for several hours on August 14 at a measuring post more than 3,000 metres up on the sheet, the US Snow and Ice Data Centre reported.
For rain to fall, temperatures must be above or just slightly below zero degrees Centigrade, signalling the risk that rising temperatures pose to the world's second-largest ice sheet after Antarctica.
"This is an extreme event as it may never have happened before," Martin Stendel, a researcher at the Danish Meteorological Institute, told AFP.
"It’s probable that this is a sign of global warming."
Temperatures have risen above freezing at the peak of the sheet only nine times in the past 2,000 years, he said.
Three of those events have been in the past 10 years -- but on the previous two occasions, in 2012 and 2019, there was no rain, he said.
"We cannot prove whether it rained or not at the six occasions before but it’s very unlikely, which makes the rainfall we observed even more remarkable," Stendel said.
The rain comes after a summer in which northern Greenland has experienced record-setting temperatures of more than 20°C.
This heat wave has seen the rate of melting of the ice sheet accelerate further.
Its retreat, which began several decades ago, began to speed up in 1990.
With a surface area more than three times that of France, the ice sheet covering Greenland locks up enough water to raise global sea levels by up to seven metres.
The melting is causing concern among scientists, as warming in the Arctic is faster than the global average.
According to a European study published in January, the melting of the Greenland ice sheet is expected to contribute to the overall rise in sea levels by 10 to 18 centimetres by 2100, 60% faster than the previous estimate.