The US corporate tax rate dropped to 21% from 35% after the 2017 tax cut pushed by former President Donald Trump and his fellow Republicans
President Joe Biden has championed raising the US corporate tax rate to 28% from 21% as the main way to fund his $2 trillion infrastructure plan, but few people in Washington, including inside the White House, really think the rate will land there.
Biden made it clear on Wednesday that he is open to compromise, after a reporter asked if he would be willing to agree on a tax rate below 28%.
“I’m willing to listen to that, I’m wide open to it,” Biden said.
Reuters interviewed more than a dozen corporate and White House officials engaged in the infrastructure push. Most expect the White House and business groups to compromise on a 25% corporate tax rate - a level neither side would have chosen, but both can live with.
“We don’t like it, but we expect to be at 25%,” a lobbyist at a top US energy firm said, requesting anonymity. “If so, we are going to consider that a win.”
The US corporate tax rate dropped to 21% from 35% after the 2017 tax cut pushed by former President Donald Trump and his fellow Republicans, but many big US companies pay much less. Increasing what companies pay into the more than $4 trillion federal budget is an important part of Democrat Biden’s plan to restructure the US economy to reduce inequality and try to counter China’s rise.
US multinational companies including Alphabet Inc’s Google, Facebook Inc and Merck & Co are among several that have been adept at reducing their taxes, tax and legal experts said.
Amazon.com Inc supports a hike in the corporate tax rate as part of an infrastructure overhaul, Jeff Bezos, chief executive of the largest US retailer, said on Tuesday. Biden said last week that Amazon was one of 91 Fortune 500 companies that "use various loopholes where they pay not a single solitary penny in federal income tax," in sharp contrast to middle class families paying over 20% tax rates.
Biden’s infrastructure and investment package includes roads and bridges and funding for affordable housing and elder care workers, among other items.
In addition to raising the corporate tax rate, the White House is pushing a minimum US and global tax for companies, and increasing enforcement of tax laws, Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen said on Wednesday.
Trade groups, including the US Chamber of Commerce, and US Senator Joe Manchin, a Democrat from West Virginia who is a moderate on some issues, have said the 28% rate is too high. However, Manchin, whose support is crucial to any bill passing in the 50-50 Senate, said he could support a rate of 25%.
The White House knew that proposing an increase to 28% would face opposition, including from some Democrats. It is prepared to discuss alternatives - including setting the rate to 25%, three administration officials familiar with the discussions told Reuters.
Unlike the coronavirus pandemic relief bill passed by Congress and signed into law by Biden in mid-March, where expiring unemployment benefits created a sense of urgency, the White House believes the infrastructure plan can be debated, and expects Congress will play a more pivotal role.
In 2013, then Vice President Biden and President Barack Obama proposed cutting the corporate tax rate to 28% from 35% and to 25% for manufacturers, but Republicans in Congress blocked the plan. So far, Republicans have voiced no support for raising corporate taxes, and criticized the plan for being too large.
“Debate is welcome. Compromise is inevitable. Changes are certain,” Biden said during a speech at the White House on Wednesday. He said he would soon invite Republican lawmakers to the White House and that the administration is “open to good ideas and good-faith negotiations.”
Increasing the corporate tax rate to 28% from 21% is expected to generate $850 billion, a significant chunk of Biden’s proposal, according to the non-profit Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget public policy organization.
At 25% a little under $500 billion would be generated, the committee said, forcing Democrats to search for additional revenue streams or cut spending.
That effort will be made more complicated by Biden’s campaign pledge to not raise taxes on any American earning less than $400,000, making items such as raising the gas tax or establishing a per-mile tax politically toxic.
“It’s a very difficult tax pledge and promise,” said the committee’s president Maya MacGuineas.