The white-domed building is surrounded by a black steel mesh fence with some 2,250 armed National Guard troops from the District of Columbia and 18 states on duty in the city
President Joe Biden's first address to a joint session of Congress on Wednesday will take place in a US Capitol on high alert, with memories fresh of the deadly January 6 attack on the building by supporters of his predecessor, Donald Trump.
The crowd inside the Capitol will be a fraction of the hundreds of members of Congress, Supreme Court justices, top government officials and guests who typically attend, to allow for more social distancing in a Covid-19 pandemic that has killed more than 572,000 Americans.
However, security will be higher than usual, even for what is officially designated a "National Special Security Event," with the Secret Service in charge of security.
"The Secret Service and all law enforcement and public safety partners have worked hard collectively in preparation to secure this significant event," said a Secret Service representative, adding that "every security contingency is accounted for."
US House of Representatives Speaker Nancy Pelosi on Tuesday said she is confident about security for Biden's speech.
"I actually had a very strong briefing on Monday. I said I wish I had had this briefing, you know, before January 6. But we insisted on knowing every detail of it," she told reporters.
The limitations on attendance, she said, mostly are being driven by Covid-19 precautions, but security also is playing a role.
The white-domed building is still surrounded by a black steel mesh fence with some 2,250 armed National Guard troops from the District of Columbia and 18 states on duty in the city, the vestiges of a much larger force put in place after Trump supporters stormed the building as Congress was voting to certify Biden's election victory.
Five people, including a US Capitol Police officer, died from the violence and dozens of police were injured in clashes with rioters. More than 400 people have been charged in connection with the attack, and authorities expect at least 100 more will be charged, federal prosecutors said in a court filing last week
District of Columbia authorities have asked the Pentagon to authorize the district's National Guard contingent to help local police handle any anti-Biden protests coinciding with Wednesday's address.
"The DC National Guard is prepared to support DC law enforcement, pending approval" by acting Army Secretary John Whitley, the DC National Guard said in a statement.
It was not immediately known if Whitley would approve the request. The National Guard deployment already has cost more than US $520 million, according to the US National Guard Bureau.
The fence is everywhere
The howl of leaf blowers mingled with the roar of heavy machinery this week around the fenced-in Capitol as ground staff cleared withered leaves and construction crews worked on renovating a fountain at the foot of the complex.
Steel barriers lined sidewalks, glinting in the sun. Ambulances sat before the House.
Gena Whalon was among a smattering of out-of-town visitors taking selfies outside. She reflected on the insurrection and the US Capitol Police’s failure to prevent Trump supporters from breaching the building.
"If all those people were Black, they would have fired tear gas," said Whalon, an African American from Austin, Texas.
"The fence is everywhere," she said, standing outside it. "It is completely understandable because of the dangers of the protesters. It does suck, though, because the fence prevents you from taking good pictures."
Capitol Police said on Monday they had taken into custody a 22-year-old man who scaled the fence late on Sunday.
Congress is only just starting to grapple with the aftermath of the violence.
Michael Bolton, the Capitol Police inspector general, appeared before a House committee earlier this month to present findings of "deficiencies" within the unit that handles public disturbances and poor coordination and training in its intelligence unit.
Democratic House Speaker Nancy Pelosi is working to secure Republican backing for a bipartisan commission that would investigate the riot.